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Advance unedited version - страница 23

Ghost Plane: The Inside Story of the CIA’s Rendition Programme (Hurst & Co., 2006), pp. 4, 54, 284.

298 Peter Finn and Joby Warrick, “Detainee's Harsh Treatment Foiled No Plots”, ^ Washington Post, 29 March 2009, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/03/28/AR2009032802066.html.

299 Grey, Ghost Plane, p. 251.

300 Ibid., p. 252.

301 “Syrian Authorities Release Some Detainees”, Syrian Human Rights Committee news release, 18 February 2005, http://www.shrc.org/data/aspx/d1/2061.aspx.

302 Interview of Mr. Lorne Waldman, Senior Counsel of the Inquiry Legal Team representing Mr. Maher Arar (18 October 2009).See also: Commission of inquiry into the actions of Canadian officials in relation to Maher Arar, http://epe.lac-bac.gc.ca/100/206/301/pco-bcp/commissions/maher_arar/07-09-13/www.ararcommission.ca/eng/17.htm

303 A/HRC/4/33/Add.3, paras 33, 43-45,.FN 11;

304 Ibid.

305 Commission of inquiry into the actions of Canadian officials in relation to Maher Arar, Report of the fact finder of 14 October 2005, p. 14;

306 Ibid. pp. 21-23;

307 Internal inquiry into the actions of Canadian officials in relation to Abdullah Almalki. Ahmad Abou-Elmaati and Muayyed Nureddin pursuant to an Order in Council dated 11 December 2006; http://www.iacobucciinquiry.ca/pdfs/documents/final-report-copy-en.pdf, paras 10-38;

308 Internal inquiry into the actions of Canadian officials in relation to Abdullah Almalki. Ahmad Abou-Elmaati and Muayyed Nureddin pursuant to an Order in Council dated 11 December 2006; http://www.iacobucciinquiry.ca/pdfs/documents/final-report-copy-en.pdf .

309 Ibid.

310 The third prisoner is Noor al-Deen (mentioned above), who was moved to Syria in 2003.

311 UN interview of Ms. Khadija Anna L. Pighizzini (the wife of Abou Elkassim Britel), 8 September 2009.

312 Interview with Binyam Mohamed; see also: http://www.reprieve.org.uk/static/downloads/2009_11_19_BM_High_Court_Media_Case_Judgment_6_.pdf , where two UK High Court judges found that the treatment to which he was subjected presents an "arguable case of torture, or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment”.

313 Pervez Musharraf, ^ In The Line Of Fire: A Memoir (Free Press, 2006).

314 Interview with Omar Deghayes

315 Interview with Moazzam Begg

316 For allegations of interviews conducted by Federal Bureau of Investigation officers see e.g. case of Meshal vs Higgenbotham; http://www.aclu.org/national-security/meshal-v-higgenbotham-complaint; see also: Human Rights Watch, “Why Am I Still Here?”: The 2007 Horn of Africa Renditions and the Fate of Those Still Missing”, 22 September 2008, http://www.hrw.org/en/node/75257/.

317 Ibid., para. 71.

318 Interview with Mohamed Ezzouek;

319 Interview with Bashir Makhtal;

320 Ibid., para. 71.

321 Human Rights Watch, “’Why Am I Still Here?’: The 2007 Horn of Africa Renditions and the Fate of Those Still Missing”, 22 September 2008, http://www.hrw.org/en/node/75257/.

322 High Court of Tanzania at Dar es Salaam, Criminal Application NO. 23 of 2004, Abdullah Salehe Mohsen Al-Asaad vs. Director of Immigration Services exparte Mohamed Abdullah Salehe Mohsen Al-Asaad Counter Affidavit. 30 June 2004.

323 Don Van Natta Jr., “US Recruits a Rough Ally to Be a Jailer”, ^ New York Times, 1 May 2005, http://www.nytimes.com/2005/05/01/international/01renditions.html.

324 “Confessions of an Uzbek KGB officer”, BBC Newsnight, 11 August 2009, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/newsnight/8195906.stm.


325 “Death Squad: Blackwater Accused of Creating ‘Killing Program’”, Spiegel Online, 22 August 2009, http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,644405,00.html.

326


 Ibid

327Interview with Binyam Mohamed.

328 See Human Rights Watch, Cruel Britannia, 24 November 2009, available at address: www.hrw.org/en/node/86690.

329 According to the Government of the United Kingdom, The judge in Mr Ahmed’s case stated “I specifically reject the allegations that the British authorities were outsourcing torture”. In Mr Amin’s case the judge examined his allegations and found that there was no evidence to suggest that the UK authorities were complicit in the unlawful detention or ill-treatment of Mr Amin in Pakistan.

330 See “Kanzleramt dealte mit Syriens Geheimdienst”, Spiegel online. 19 November 2005.

331 Response to a questionnaire on allegations of rendition and detention sent by the Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances of 30 September 2009;

332 Deutscher Bundestag, Drucksache 16/13400, 18 June 2009, p. 119.available at http://dip21.bundestag.de/dip21/btd/16/134/1613400.pdf.

333 See Internal Inquiry into the Actions of Canadian Officials in Relation to Abdullah Almalki, Ahmed Abou-Elmaati and Muayyed Nureddin (Iacobucci enquiry) and Arar Commission of Enquiry.

334 European Parliament Committee report, para. 50

335 European Parliament Committee report, para. 53

336 Reply of the Government of Italy to the joint request for relevant information by the four Experts, 15 July 2009.

337 Tribunale penale di Milano, judgment of 4 November 2009 (on record with the Experts).

338 The executive branch of the Italian Government successfully raised the issue of State secrets before the Constitutional Court. See Reply of the Government of Italy to the joint request for relevant information by the four Experts, 15 July 2009.

339 See Ethiopia section above, the case of Meshal vs Higgenbotham; at: http://www.aclu.org/national-security/meshal-v-higgenbotham-complaint; Redress and Reprieve: Kenya and counter terrorism. A “time for change”. February 2009, available at: http://www.redress.org/publications/Kenya%20and%20Counter-Terrorism%205%20Feb%2009.pdf; and Human Rights Watch, “Why Am I Still Here?”: The 2007 Horn of Africa Renditions and the Fate of Those Still Missing”, 22 September 2008, available at: http://www.hrw.org/en/node/75257/. ; the Experts have received allegations of cooperation with United States intelligence that dates back to 2003; see interview with Suleiman Abdallah;

340 Interview of Khaled El-Masri.

341 See inter alia European Parliament Committee report; Deutscher Bundestag, Drucksache 16/13400, 18 June 2009,available at http://dip21.bundestag.de/dip21/btd/16/134/1613400.pdf.; Foreign Secretary’s statement to the House of Commons on US rendition flights of 21 February 2008, http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200708/cmhansrd/cm080221/debtext/80221-0008.htm; Dick Marty,“Secret detentions and illegal transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states: second report“, http://assembly.coe.int/Documents/WorkingDocs/Doc07/edoc11302.pdf.

342 Executive Order: Ensuring Lawful Interrogations”, 22 January 2009, available at: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/EnsuringLawfulInterrogations/. See also, CIA, “Message from the Director: Interrogation Policy and Contracts”, 9 April 2009, available at: https://www.cia.gov/news-information/press-releases-statements/directors-statement-interrogation-policy-contracts.html.

343 Ibid. These requests clearly dated back to the time of Camp Nama, noted above, where allegations of abuse were widespread.

344 GC III, article 70.

345 GC IV, article 106.

346 Eric Schmitt, “US to Expand Detainee Review in Afghan Prison”, ^ New York Times, 12 September 2009, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/13/world/asia/13detain.html.

347 https://ecf.dcd.uscourts.gov/cgi-bin/show_public_doc?2006cv1697-31.

348 Addendum here: http://www.scotusblog.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/US-Bagram-brief-9-14-09.pdf.

349 He had reportedly encouraged local Tibetans to listen to foreign radio broadcasts and had worked on making copies of a book written by a Tibetan poet living abroad, Hortsang Jigme.

350 Urgent appeal of 31 January 2007 by the Chairperson-Rapporteur of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention and the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, and Government reply of 23 March 2007, A/HRC/7/3/Add.1, page 51.

351 Urgent appeal of 7 May 2008 by the Chairperson-Rapporteur of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Special Rapporteur on the question of torture and Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, A/HRC/11/4/Add.1, and Government reply of 7 August 2008, paras. 502-507.

352 A/HRC/13/39/Add.1

353 Washu Rangjung is an author of two books on Tibetan history and culture, singer and news presenter for a local television company in the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR).

354 Urgent appeal of 16 October 2008 by the Chairperson-Rapporteur of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention and the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, and Government reply of 13 February 2009, A/HRC/11/4/Add.1, paras. 614-617.

355 Human Rights Watch, “’We Are Afraid to Even Look for Them’: Enforced Disappearances in the Wake of Xinjiang’s Protests”, 20 October 2009, http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2009/10/22/we-are-afraid-even-look-them-0.

356 “China: Detainees ‘Disappeared’ After Xinjiang Protests”, Human Rights Watch news release, 21 October 2009, http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/10/20/china-detainees-disappeared-after-xinjiang-protests.

357 Ibid.

358 A/HRC/4/41, para. 216.

359 A/HRC/WG.6/1/IND/3, Summary of stakeholder submissions (6 March 2008), paras. 12, 14, 17, 18.

360 The Prevention of Terrorist Activities Act 2002, preceded by a Prevention of Terrorist Activities Ordinance in 2001, was repealed in October 2004. In 2008, new counter-terrorism legislation was enacted by Parliament.

361 E/CN.4/2005/61/Add.1, para. 129.

362 Ibid., paras. 130-131.

363 “India’s secret torture chambers”, The Week, 12 July 2009.

364 Third Periodic Report submitted in July 1997, concluding observations adopted on 4 August 1997 (CCPR/C/79/Add.81).

365 The next periodic report would have been due on 31 December 2001.

366 Communication of 15 April 2008 by the Chairperson-Rapporteur of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, and Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, A/HRC/10/44/Add.4, p. 146.

367 Communication of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, dated 28 April 2009.

368 Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention on its visit to the Islamic Republic of Iran, E/CN.4/2004/3/Add.2, para. 36.

369 Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention on its visit to the Islamic Republic of Iran, E/CN.4/2004/3/Add.2, paras. 32 and 54.

370 Ibid., para. 32.

371 “Iran: Detained political leaders at risk of torture, possibly to force ‘confessions’”, Amnesty International news release, 29 June 2009, available at: http://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/news/detained-political-leaders-at-risk-of-torture-20090629.

372 See, inter alia, Joint Urgent Appeals sent by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders and the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment on 18 June and 11 August 2009 (Report of Special Rapporteur on torture (A/HRC/13/39/Add.1).

373 Report of Special Rapporteur on torture (A/HRC/13/39/Add.1).

374 A/HRC/13/31, para. 289.

375 Report of the Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances, Mission to Nepal, E/CN.4/2005/65/Add.1 (28 January 2005).

376 Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture, Mission to Nepal, E/CN.4/2006/6/Add.5 (9 January 2006).

377 OHCHR, Nepal, Report of investigation into arbitrary detention, torture and disappearance at Maharajgunj RNA barracks, Kathmandu, in 2003-2004 (May 2006), and OHCHR, Nepal, Conflict-related Disappearances in Bardiya District (December 2008).

378Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (E/CN.4/2005/65/Add.1), para. 25.

379 Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (E/CN.4/2005/65/Add.1), para. 29..

380 Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture, Mission to Nepal, para. 22.

381 Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (E/CN.4/2005/65/Add.1), para. 29.

382 OHCHR, Nepal, Maharajgunj RNA barracks report, and OHCHR, Nepal, Conflict-related Disappearances in Bardiya District.

383 OHCHR, Nepal, Maharajgunj RNA barracks report, pp. 61-62.

384 OHCHR, Nepal, Maharajgunj RNA barracks report, pp. 54-55.

385 OHCHR, Nepal, Conflict-related Disappearances in Bardiya District, p. 54.

386 OHCHR, Nepal, Conflict-related Disappearances in Bardiya District, p. 58. E/CN.4/2005/65/Add.1, para. 41

387 E/CN.4/2005/65/Add.1, para. 42.

388 E/CN.4/2005/65/Add.1 para. 42.

389 E/CN.4/2005/65/Add.1, paras. 42-48.

390 Follow-up report of the Special Rapporteur on torture, A/HRC/7/3/Add. 2, para. 446.

391 Ibid., para. 428.

392 A/HRC/10/9, paras 300-302.

393 Ibid., para. 297.

394 http://www.dhrpk.org/.

395 Amnesty International, “Pakistan: Denying the Undeniable: Enforced Disappearances in Pakistan,” 23 July 2008, http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/ASA33/018/2008/en.

396 A/HRC/10/44/Add.4, para. 168

397 “Assessing Damage: Urging Action: Report of the Eminent Jurists Panel on Terrorism, Counter-terrorism and Human Rights”, February 2009, page 76, http://icj.org/IMG/EJP-report.pdf.

398 “Pakistan”, Amnesty International Report 2009, http://thereport.amnesty.org/en/regions/asia-pacific/pakistan.

399 Ibid.

400 http://beta.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/news/pakistan/04-sc-masood-janjua-qs-08 ; accessed on 16 November 2009.

401 http://www.ahrchk.net/statements/mainfile.php/2008statements/1574/

402 As mentioned above (para. 83), secret detention practices were not uncommon during the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos.

403 Reply of the Government of the Philippines in Annex.

404 CAT/C/PHL/CO/2, para. 12.

405 A/HRC/10/9, para. 323.

406 Interview of Raymond Manalo,

407 Supreme Court of the Republic of the Philippines in
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